PLATFORM OF THE SUPREME UKRAINIAN LIBERATION COUNCIL
This document sets out the political program of the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council. The document is composed of an introduction and two chapters, "The Goals and Duties of the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council" and "The Fundamental Principles of the Ideological Program of the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council". The introduction speaks of the independent Ukrainian state that existed in 1917-1920 and states that the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council was established on the initiative of the Ukrainian lnsurgent Army (UPA). It also includes a brief appraisal of the existing political situation in which the following conclusion is drawn: the present war may lead to a political and social disintegration of the forces occupying Ukraine and create the necessary conditions for the liberation of the captive nations. For this reason, it is essential to protect the Ukrainian people and their leading cadres from extermination and to lead the people in struggle for an independent state.
The chapter entitled, "The Goals and Duties of the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council", deals with the following matters: "the unification and co-ordination of the activities of all pro-independence liberation forces" in the struggle for an independent state, the determination of the ideological program of this struggle, the direction and representation of this struggle by the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council in its capacity as the highest Pan-Ukrainian governing centre and after the successful completion of the struggle, the establishment of the first Ukrainian government and the convening of the first nationwide body of representatives (the parliament).
The most extensive chapter is the second, "The Fundamental Principles of the Ideological Program of the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council". It begins by staling that the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council is striving for the re-establishment of a Ukrainian state on all Ukrainian territories by way of a' revolutionary struggle and that the Council was established on the principle of political independence from foreign powers. Further, it states that the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council will wage its struggle in cooperation with other captive nations and that it strives for peaceful co-existence with its neighbours "on the basis of a mutual recognition of the right of each nation to its own state on its ethnographic territories". In the exposition of the political and social program of the Supreme Ukrainian Liberation Council, the following points are made: the Ukrainian state is to have a democratic form of government, which will guarantee freedom of thought, worldview and belief, the rule of law on the basis of the equality of all citizens before the law, the rights of citizenship to national minorities, equal opportunity for education, "the right of freedom in work" and "the protection of the interests of workers by social legislation". The economic principles constitute a far-reaching reform of the Soviet system. Only the basic natural wealth of the country (including land), heavy industry arid heavy transport are to remain socialized. Other sectors of the economy are to be left to co-operatives and private individuals. On the one hand, emphasis is placed on the exercise of free initiative within the economy (for example, "free trade"), and on the other, the right is reserved for the state to regulate certain sectors of the economy (in the realm of "agricultural labour" only), in order to prevent "class exploitation and oppression".
© Yevhen Shtendera