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Romanechko Roman:
Meetinhs in the Bila Pidliaska Region
(Summary)

The Command of the "Sian" M.D. sent UPA units on a mission into the Volodava and Bila Pidliaska districts. The officers who accompanied them - Yaroslav Bilyi ("Milko", "Plastun", "Kryha"), second-in-command for the Kholm region, Serhiy Martyniuk ("Hrab"), representative of the Kholm UPA T.V. and a few others - were to inspect the situation at first-hand and establish contacts with AK units. They met with little success at first, but finally, on October 24, 1945, Yaroslav Bilyi ("Kryha") received a letter from Major Wladyslaw Wawrzak "Pajak", the Polish representative, invi-ting him to a meeting on October 27. This letter was in reply to one "Kryha" had sent a month earlier, on September 21, to "the commander of the Kholm, Volodava and Bila Pidliaska districts."
The meeting took place in the village of Horoshchanka (Horoszczanka), Bila Pidliaska district. Among the Polish delegates were Major Jan Szatyski-Szatowski ("Burian", "Zagonczyk", "Dziryt"), the Inspector of the third region, and Major Wladyslaw Wawrzak ("zuk", "Pajak"), chief of intelligence and counter-intelligence. The Ukrainian delegates were "Kryha", who introduced himself as commander of a UPA unit, Ivan Romanechko ("Volodia", "Morozenko"), chief of the security Bila Pidlaska district and Vasyl Kral ("Chavs", "Bohun"), commanding officer of the UPA "Halaida II" detachment.
According to the Ukrainian report, "Dziryt" began the meeting with a declaration that Poland recognized, without any reservations, Ukrainian aspirations for an independent country and that the Poles welcomed wholeheartedly the Ukrainian struggle for freedom. The delegates then exchanged views on current world events and, in particular, on developments within their own countries. They spent a considerable amount of time establishing precise areas of co-operation.
The Polish side was aware of UPA-AK agreements previously reached in the south, and of the fact that as yet no formal agreement had been signed by the Polish government and the UHVR. "Dziryt" proposed a renewal of higher-level talks between the two sides in this region. He indicated that the first meeting of this kind could well take place within a month. "Kryha" replied that he would convey this proposal to his authorities, but said he could give no guarantees since Bila Pidliaska was quite removed from the Ukrainian center of activity.
Both sides agreed to broaden co-operation based on principles previously agreed upon in the south. The Bila Pidliaska region was peculiar, however, in that there were Polish villages within the operational range of both UPA and WiN detachments. As a result, no line demarcating territorial spheres of influence could be drawn up. The solution agreed upon gave the UPA administrative control over Ukrainian-settled areas and the WiN equal control over Polish areas.
Agreement was also reached on matters relating to administration, exchange of printed matter, military intelligence and mutual aid in obtaining provisions, medication and safe-houses. Because units of both organizations were operating on the same territory, much time was spent discussing ways of expanding contacts while still guarding against accidents and police infiltration. The solution agreed upon was to make frequent local contacts which would enable people on both sides to get to know each other well. UPA units were granted the right to setup quarters in Polish villages, but were not allowed to collect food or money.
"Pajak" was interested in expanding military intelligence deeper into Ukraine. "Kryha" did not consider himself empowered to make any commitments on this issue, but promised to pass on the proposals to higher authorities. The Polish delegates expressed misgivings about UPA offensives in their area, for they felt that these would attract Soviet police forces and bring about harsh reprisals against civilians. They advised the Ukrainians to "sit still" and to use the winter for training. The Ukrainian delegates assured them that they had no plans to commence any large operations and intended to fight only if attacked by communist forces.

 

Yevhen Shtendera, 1977



Issue 5,    Winter 2000    Litopys
Published by Forum for the Studies of the History of the UPA
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