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"Pevnyi" ("Yavir"): Conference of the UPA and WiN, May 18, 1946, in the village of Myahke, Hrubehiv district

There was a further conference between representatives of the UPA and the WiN on May 18, 1946, in the village of Myahke (Miekke), Hrubeshiv district. Ukrainian delegates were Teddor Harasymiak ("Dunayskyi", Ravich"), "Pevnyi" ("Yavir") and Volodymyr Bataliya ("Zakharchuk", "Khmurnyi"). The Polish delegation consist of 12 local commanders, headed by "Ostroja", who introduced himself as manager of political affairs for the WiN Supreme Command. Other members of the Polish delegation were Capt. S. Ksiazyk ("Wyrwa"); Jozef Dabrowski ("Azja"), commander of the Hrubeshiv district; a representative from the Kholm district; two representatives from the Tomashiv district and six more unnamed WiN officers.(35) Nevertheless, the conference took place. Report on the conference listed the following topics: 1) "Ostroja": "The present political situation in the world", 2) T. Harasymiak: "The concepts of a united front created by the captive nations and Polish-Ukrainian co-operation", 3) "Ostroja": "Principles of Polish-Ukrainian co-operation", 4) Military affairs, 5) Mutual relations on territories stretching from Volodava to Bilhorai, 6) Administrative and economic affairs. Although the conference had been scheduled to last for two days, it wound up after 10 hours because the large Polish security detail (100 in total) was without provisions.
"Ostroja" expressed the view that the world now found itself divided into two camps - one democratic and governed by freedom, the other communist and ruled by "terror and subjugation" - which would have to eventually meet in a clash. "Ostroja" said, "We stand for the true Anglo-American form of democracy which gathers around itself a number of smaller countries that readily co-operate on an equal footing." He pointed to a number of international events as proof of the growing conflict between countries of the West and the USSR.37 "Independent countries, foremost among them Poland and Ukraine, will emerge following the defeat of bolshevism and these free nations will have to join in the ideal of co-operation in order to fulfill a historic mission in the eastern part of Europe and to unseat both the Russian and the German forms of imperialism."
At the beginning of the meeting, T. Harasymiak gave a historical analysis of Polish-Ukrainian relations. He emphasized the fact that, historically, co-operation had always made both nations strong and free. Past mistakes and conflicts brought about the downfall of Poland and Ukraine. "Another significant reason for the collapse in 1939 of a recently-
established Poland was the wrong approach taken to the Ukrainian problem within Poland in particular and also throughout the world." In his discussion of current Polish-Ukrainian relations, Harasymiak stressed the following:
Co-operation and co-existence will have to be anchored on genuine, honest relationship and mutual respect for each others' ideals. This co-operation must be evident not only on paper or in diplomatic relations, but must become rooted in, and be supported by, all segments of both societies. This type of co-operation should exist between all subjugated nations, but especially between the two neighbours, Poland and Ukraine.

In his presentation, "Ostroja" spoke of common national interests and outlined aspects of Polish-Ukrainian co-operation. The two would have to join forces to oppose both German and Russian imperialism, he said. Other nations in Eastern and Central Europe, including Greece and the nations in Soviet Central Asia, would join this alliance because they too were threatened by the two forms of imperialism. The centre for this united effort would be all the Slavic nations except Russia. "Ostroja" went on to discuss economic perspectives and cultural developments within this broad geo-political arena.
Turning to practical matters, he declared that the first step towards forming this common front would have to be made right here, on the Polish-Ukrainian border; a positive step towards a harmonious co-existence, he said, would have to be established here. He also suggested that conferences between members of the undergrounds should occur more frequently, thus providing a forum for the establishment of a formal alliance.
The remainder of the conference dealt with the practical aspects of co-operation and collaboration. The delegates worked out a general plan for the attack on Hrubeshiv and decided upon locations for concentrated UPA and WiN units. The Polish officers gave us a map revealing the sites and the ): defence systems of communist garrisons. Principles of cooperation were reviewed once more, but this time with a welcome addition: the WiN invited UPA units to set up quarters on their territory and, furthermore, permitted us to make use of their medical facilities in case of need. Administrative problems were settled and a further supply of ammunition was promised.

Yevhen Shtendera, 1977

Issue 5,    Winter 2000    Litopys
Published by Forum for the Studies of the History of the UPA
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